Tetramethyl Ammonium Triiodide Synthesis Essay

 

Synthesis of Tetramethylammonium Triiodide

Introduction

All molecules have chemical structure. They appear in three dimensional geometric shape or configuration which are unique in each types of molecules. Chemical structure tells us the arrangement of chemical bonds between atoms in a molecule. It is shown using symbols that represent elements and lines which joins each atom together. One line between atoms shows that they have a single bond between them. Hence, two lines show double bonds and three lines show triple bond. Structure determination can be applied from very simple molecules, like oxygen and nitrogen, to very complex ones like protein and DNA. One atom can have two to four bonding  partners. Therefore, if they have two bonding partners, their chemical structure will be in a linear structure. However, with three and four bonding partners, their structure will be changed to trigonal and tetrahedral. From this information, scientists had done experiments and discovered that if a molecule reacts with another molecule, the product that will be achieved will result forming a new molecule with different structure. We call this process ‘chemical reaction’. In order to understand a chemical reaction, chemical equation is an important topic that we must understand. Chemical equation represents chemical reaction in form of symbols and formulas. In a formula, the reactant will be on the left side of the equation containing an arrow after it to separate it from the product which will be located on the right side of the equation. A chemical equation undergoes the law of conservation of mass which states that “Atoms cannot be created or destroyed.” This then proves that there will always be the same amount of atoms in both the reactant and the product. According to the previous statement, we have to know how to balance an equation. The purpose of this experiment is to form crystal using tetramethylammonium iodide with iodine, to find limiting reagent of this chemical reaction and also %yield. To calculate the  percentage yield, the mass of the actual product (actual yield) in grams is being divided by the theoretical mass of the product (theoretical yield) in grams, meaning that it has been calculated, and times by 100 to get the percentage:

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