Figures and tables
APA does not provide precise rules for citing figures and tables. These guidelines are designed for use with data from sources such A.C. Nielsen, Passport GMID and Statistics New Zealand as well as from books and journal articles.
There are separate rules for figures and tables.
- Figures refer to graphs, flow charts, maps, drawings, photos, etc.
- Tables refer to numerical values or text displayed in orderly columns and rows
- All Figures and Tables should be numbered (e.g. Table 1, Table 2 etc.) and referred to in your document as Table 1 or Figure 1.
- Each table should have an individual title. Each word in the title should be italicized and capitalized except with, of, in, and, etc.
- All tables should be referenced in the text of the paper and in the reference list.
- UC Library database licence agreements allow students to use images in assignments. Statistics NZ also allows this. State copyright and also write: Reprinted with permission (see below).
Tables reproduced in your text
Table 1. Sales of Vitamins/Mineral & Herbal Supplements
Note. Retrieved from ACNielsen Market Information Digest New Zealand. Copyright 2011 by the Nielsen Company. Reprinted with permission.
As shown in Table 1, vitamins, minerals & herbal supplements sales ...
The Nielsen Company. (2011). Sales of vitamins/minerals & herbal supplements in New Zealand, 11 September 2010 - 11 September 2011 [Table]. Retrieved from ACNielsen Market Information Digest New Zealand.
Figures reproduced in your text
Figure 1. Youth unemployment rate vs. total unemployment rate: 2006-2011. Youth unemployment rate refers to the unemployed population aged 15-24 years old. Copyright 2013 by Euromonitor International. Reprinted with permission.
As Figure 1 shows, youth unemployment rate has risen from 9.9% to 17.7%...
Euromonitor International. (2013). Youth unemployment rate vs. total unemployment rate: 2006-2011 [Graph]. Retrieved from http://www.portal.euromonitor.com
Figure or table referred to (not reproduced)
... sales of apparel (Euromonitor International, 2012).
Euromonitor International. (2012). Sales of apparel by category, % volume growth 2006-2011 [Table]. In Apparel in China industry overview. Retrieved from http://www.portal.euromonitor.com
Creating your own figure or table
If you compile your own table or figure from data retrieved from another source (e.g. Statistics New Zealand), write ‘Adapted from’
Table 2. Median Weekly Household Income in the Auckland Region
Note: Adapted from http://nzdotstat.stats.govt.nz/wbos/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=TABLECODE2287. Copyright 2013 by Statistics New Zealand. Reprinted with permission.
... the median weekly household income in Auckland (see Table 2).
Statistics New Zealand. (2013). Median Weekly Household Income in the Auckland Region, 2008-2012 [Table]. Retrieved from http://nzdotstat.stats.govt.nz/wbos/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=TABLECODE2287
- If you create a table or figure from more than one source, list all the sources in your note and include them all in your reference list. If you have created an original table or figure from your own data, then state yourself as the copyright owner.
Figure or table from a book or journal article
For material reproduced from a journal article
Note. From “Best management practices by age” by D. Adams and B. Matthies, 2010, Journal of Management, 14(3), p. 62.
For material reproduced from a book
Note. From Management 101, p. 11, by M. Adams, 2009, Paris: Cafe College Press
See also AUT APA 6th Images.
Follow these examples closely for all layout, punctuation, spacing, capitalizing and italicizing.
When including a figure or a table from another source in your work, it is important to include appropriate citations.
1. Tables are numerical values or text displayed in rows and columns.
2. Figures are other illustrations such as graphs, charts, maps, drawings, photographs etc.
3. All Tables and Figures must be referred to in the main body of the text.
4. Number all Tables and Figures in the order they first appear in the text.
5. Refer to them in the text by their number. For example:
As shown in Table 2 …
As illustrated in Figure 3…
6. Each table or figure should be titled and captioned.
Tables reproduced in your text:
Each table should be displayed with a brief explanatory title.
|Example of Title|
Table 1. Hours of television viewing per week by age group
You must include a caption beneath the table. Use the following format - this format differs from the reference list format. See note at bottom of this page regarding copyright permissions if publishing a table or a figure.
For examples of tables see APA Style Central
|Format of Caption|
Note. Reprinted [adapted] from “Title of article,” by A. B. Author and C. D. Author, Year, Journal Title, Volume, page number. Copyright Year by "Name of copyright holder".
Note. Reprinted [adapted] from Title of book (p. xx), by E. F. Author, Year, Place of Publication: Publisher. Copyright Year by "Name of copyright holder".
Figures reproduced in your text
Each figure should be displayed with a brief explanatory title. eg. Figure 3. Complex Theoretical Formulations
You must include a caption beneath the figure. Use the following format - references for figures are not required in your reference list.
For examples of figures see APA Style Central
|Format of caption for figures adapted or copied directly from another source.|
Figure X. A concise explanation of the figure. Adapted [reprinted] from “Title of article,” by A. Author, B. Author, and C. Author, Year, Journal Title, Volume, page number. Copyright Year by "Name of the copyright holder".
Figure X. A concise explanation of the figure. Adapted [reprinted] from Title of book