The Cuban Missile Crisis Essay
1292 Words6 Pages
In 1962 nuclear war seemed inevitable to the world, it was the first time nuclear war was hanging on a thread. The Cuban Missile Crisis presented a threat to the world, in which the USSR planted nuclear missiles on Cuba. America’s response was to threaten launching nuclear missiles at the Russians. This incident launched the world into a new time, which presented nuclear weapons as a source of power.
The incident of the Cuban Missile Crisis still connects with us today because the power nuclear weapons present, which provides incentives for countries to want them. Although nuclear technology was around prior to this incident, the power they represented didn’t fully develop till this time. Since the crisis five new countries have…show more content…
The reason this stance can and is sometimes taken is because the entire crisis began with nuclear weapons and nearly ended everything with them as well. America placed Jupiter Missiles with nuclear capabilities in Turkey and Italy, as part of NATO’s cold war deterrent against the soviets. This is what many people say started the tensions, we placed Nukes at their doorstep, thusly Nikita Khrushchev, the Soviet Premier feared the imbalance of power would prompt America to strike first. While this psychological fear of Khrushchevs is a piece to the puzzle, many other things factor into the eventual crisis. The economic dealings between the Soviets and Cuba, already gave Khrushchev a footing near America in which he could fix the imbalance of power. But the only reason the USSR and Cuba began dealing with each other is because America cut off 80% of its exports, creating economic tensions in Cuba. While those are 2 places people point the blame for the start of the crisis, a final nail in the coffin could also be blamed. The political ideology John F. Kennedy which feared the spreading of nuclear technology to new nations; he did claim that the U.S. lagged behind the Soviets in nuclear capabilities during his campaign. JFK knew as well as Khrushchev did that this was false, but the general thought could only procure more reason for Khrushchev to plant missiles near America. If America believed they lagged behind
The Cuban Missile Crisis Essay
495 Words2 Pages
The Cuban Missile Crisis
The Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962 was the closest the world has ever come to nuclear war. The crisis was a major confrontation between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The confrontation was caused by the Soviets putting missiles in Cuba, just 90 miles off the coast of the United States of America. The world was in the hands of President John F. Kennedy and Premier Nikita Khruchchev. These two men would have to reach a compromise or else the results would be fatal. During the cold war John F. Kennedy and the Soviet premier met to discuss the was between the east and west but they resolved nothing and Khrushchev left thinking that Kennedy was a weak leader. The Soviets…show more content…
Kennedy was informed the the missiles that very same day and his advisors told him that they wanted an air strike followed by an invasion put up in Cuba. Kennedy knew that if the US invaded the Soviets would use their missiles.
On one of the following days, Kennedy asked if the Air Force could take out all of the missiles in Cuba. The Air Force then told the President that with that process there would be 10-20,000 civilian casualties. Kennedy then decided to set up a blockade around Cuba. US ships prepared for a quarantine. The press then learned about the nuclear missles and questioned them about it, the President asked the reporters not to reveal the news so he could announce it to the American people on TV. The Soviets had instrustion to launch the missiles within minutes of Kennedy’s speech. After Castro listened to the President’s speech he moblized all of Cuba’s military forces.
The Organization of American States approved the US quarantine of Cuba and by the end of the day the US ships were in line and were prepared to destroy and ship that failed to stop at that line. On Wednesday, October 24th the Soviets ships approached the quarantine line. Soviets ship stopped when they received a radio message from Moscow.
On Thursday, October 25th the Military alert was raised to DEFCON 2, the highest ever in US history. At any moment the US could launch an attack on Cuba or the