The History of Southwest Airlines Essay
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The History of Southwest Airlines
Southwest Airlines (SWA) begins in June 18, 1971, when SWA first operated a first airline consul between Houston, Dallas and San Antonio. Rollin King and Herb Kelleher are the founders of the company. The end of 1971 SWA immediately began to expand.
In 1972 all Houston service is transferred to Houston's Hobby Airport form Houston Intercontinental, that is make more convenient for people to fly. During the first year of operations the customers were the Southwest's first priority. Five years after the first operated a twin-engine the SWA places its sixth Boeing 737 into service while flying over one and a half million satisfied customers to their destinations. Also at the same year SWA gets…show more content…
This is somewhat slower than the projected 3.5% gain for real gross domestic product (GDP) in 1998. In 1999, RPMs would advance 2.5% to 605 billion, while real GDP is seen growing 1.7%. The recently sluggish pace for air travel represents a break from the normal pattern: since 1987, air travel has grown 1.8 times faster than real GDP.
Two elements are working against air travel at present. First, the industry is experiencing a cyclical slowdown that has its origins in the Asian financial crisis. Second, with the days of deeply discounted fares over, fewer first-time travelers are entering the market.
The big swing factor for air travel in 1998 and 1999 will be the international market. International travel accounts for some 27% of total Revenues per mile (RPM) and 22% of revenues for the largest U.S. carriers. For the first eight months of 1998, international RPMs climbed 3.7% over the year-earlier period. However, as capacity grew 5.8%, the load factor deteriorated to 73.7% from 75.2%. Most of the international weakness is confined to Asia, where traffic is off about 8%.
While the economic slowdown that's underway may not deteriorate into a recession, it is expected to take its toll on corporate profits. Historically, business travel reflects changes in corporate profits, though sometimes with a lag. In 1997, the Travel Industry Association of America reported that business travel
Southwest Airlines Risk Management Essay
As with any company, Southwest Airlines has risks that have to deal with. For starters, co-founder and visionary leader Kelleher will soon be less involved in the firm's operations. Mr. Kelleher is responsible for the decision making of Southwest Airlines so it is going to be interesting to say the least when he takes a lesser role in the daily business of Southwest. Perhaps a more important risk, though, is the simple fact that Southwest is an airline. Past financial indicators have shown that members of the airline industry have been poor performers for shareholders because of risks involved.
Let us review some of the risks that airlines face and what Southwest has done to combat these to remain the only airline to be profitable in the 31 years of their existence. First airlines usually have to fly each flight, even if a flight is only half-full. The emptier a flight is, the less revenue it generates. Southwest has dealt with this risk by pursuing a low-cost/low-price/no-frills strategy that features offering passengers a single class of service at the lowest price possible fares making air travel affordable to a wide segment of the U.S. population.
One of the most noticeable risks faced by the airline industry is price wars that occur when one airline cuts fares on certain routes and forces others to follow suit resulting in reduced profitability. Southwest has almost eliminated this risk by developing a fare structure that is consistently by far the simplest and most straightforward of any major airline. All of Southwest's customers can peruse different fare options at the company's website, and the company's restrictions on tickets are more lenient than fares of its rivals. Most other airlines have complex fare structures with ticket prices varying widely according to several factors such as, how far in advance a ticket is purchased; travel dates including a Saturday-night stay; refundable or transferable, and an assortment of other factors (Thompson| Strickland, 2003, C-611).
As airline customers know, the price of fuel frequently puts pressure on profitability in the airline industry. During 2000 when fuel prices were on the rise consumers saw the increase of ticket prices of up to $40 for a round trip ticket. Southwest has used an innovative way of protecting itself against rising fuel prices called hedging. This is when a company simply buys futures contracts on the commodity in question, locking in certain prices early. Since there aren't futures contracts sold on jet fuel, Southwest did research and found that by buying contracts on heating oil, the price of which tends to move in tandem with jet fuel they were able to offset fuel costs. In his annual letter to shareholders, Kelleher noted that Southwest has already covered 80% of its estimated 2001 fuel expenses by hedging, locking in an average price of $22 per barrel of...
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