Joint family is the big part of the life; no one can live without the prosperous of their family. Everyone needs the family support due to any problem. When family comes together, then nobody can break it from togetherness. Everyone wants live with that family who helps in any problem at every walk of life.
“Love your family. Spend time, be kind & serve one another. Make no room for regrets. Tomorrow not promised & today is short.”
A joint family is an undivided family. Many members involve in the joint family where such as the one generation live together in an ordinary house.
A joint family is that family where some persons are living with together such as grandparents, father, mother, and children under the one roof.
A form of the joint family system in the mind of a member for example:
- Some members of the joint family share the some common rights in the household property.
- In the joint family, some members living with the expectation of making some financial contribution to the common fund.
- All homemakers of the joint family made the food in the shared kitchen.
- Family members make their daily expenditure from the ordinary family funds.
In some of the joint family such sons never get distant after marriage from their family, he lives together with their wife and children among the another family member on the one roof.
Generally, in the every joint family the subhead is the eldest member of the household. They restrict to the whole member by their power and functions. That chairman of the family is a trustee. He handled the economic and social decisions on behalf of the family.
There are some advantages and disadvantages of the joint family.
Advantage of joint family
The family always supports to the each and every family members. Whenever any problem is situated, then rarely other people helps, but family always supports each and other family members.
When the family is lives together, then in every festival creates so much pleasure and brings much happiness. Every moment of any festivals like Holi, Diwali, etc. people enjoys so much when they spent more time together and every movement of life.
Every family has the mutual adjustment and understanding. Naturally, those who are benefited by the generosity of others remain obliged and grateful.
Helps to better study of the children
In the big family, their kids study in the group according to their age matching. Naturally, the cousin’s study together, play together, quarrel together and even punished together.
Understanding during marriages
In marriages also the grooms for marriageable girls become a concern for all the elders in the family. Even if a daughter of a junior brother selected by someone because of her beauty or brilliance, he would not agree to her marriage until her senior cousin sister is married.
Minimum subsistence of the living
The necessities of all the family members taken care. Each member is guaranteed the lowest subsistence for the living.
The subjects in a joint family are self-imposed on its members. The head of the big family almost becomes its patriarch. The family prospers squarely if the patriarch and the other constituents observe the norms soundly and healthily.
The joint family system is the finally prevails the spirit of oneness.
Disadvantages of the joint family
There are different types of the disadvantages of the joint family, which is following such as:
Misbehavior in the partners
The misbehaviors’ of the partners in the joint family exploits the goodness and principled. It happens to only the income of the household.
Some of the joint family have many types of crook members, who exploits to the other innocent member of the household and also do the torture to them.
Money value among members
Almost, many people have this mentality to low that individuals who have little earned. High earning members often insults the small receiving members.
Burden in the joint family
The cost of education has gone up high. The high earning members often want their children to study in costly schools, but they don’t want to share the burden of the sons of the other officers of the family.
To great families, most of the important decisions made by the head of the household. Since all the individuals within the family don’t get the opportunity to participate in the main decisions of the family, they often feel lost or develop a feeling of inferiority complex.
The family is better than nuclear family due to the above advantages. But young generations are moving to towns and metro cities for searching of jobs, and then they live there. Due to space crunch in their home, income level and other reasons they can’t live with their parents, grandparents, etc.
The separation of families was evident in the joint families themselves. It happens when feelings of generosity, charity, and fellow-feeling not balanced by high moral line, character, and farsightedness. Joint family can be run successfully if the members remain committed to each other. The feeling of togetherness and selflessness is the essence of joint family.
A joint family is a group of persons, who are related to one another and who share a common roof, common religion and common property. All the working members of the family pool together their resources and hand them over to a common head who is usually the eldest member of the family. The head of the family looks after the general welfare of the entire family. Any member who brings in extra income does not get preferential treatment. Thus, the joint family actually puts into practice the idea of Karl Marx “To each according to his need, from each according to his ability”. It is socialistic in nature.
The joint family system is the characteristic feature of agricultural societies. They have existed in countries like India and China whose economy has been based on agriculture. Collective living, collective farming and collective share in the family wealth are the traditional features of the joint families. The joint family guards the immovable property, held jointly by its members, from fragmentation. Land is the main source of income. The joint family members collectively work to derive benefit from the produce of the land.
The jointly possessed land keeps the joint family free from want. Its property is safe under the care of the head of the family. He uses the joint income for its maintenance, marriages, religious ceremonies, education, and treatment in sickness of its members and for other useful purposes. It preserves the traditions, customs and manners handed down to it. Traditional culture and the skill in arts and crafts are safeguarded from generation to generation. There is division of labour where all the members attend to the work assigned to them and contribute to the well being of the family.
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A joint family provides an ideal setting for cultivation of virtues. The very foundation of joint family is based on co-operation and unselfishness. Children are taught from a very young age itself the virtues of discipline, respect, patience and good values. There is no concept like mine or yours in a Joint family. Everything has to be shared. It can thus rightly be called a nursery of virtues.
One of the most terrible prospects being faced by men living in nuclear families is a feeling of insecurity. They may feel insecure about their jobs or of the prospect of having to live in old age homes as their children no longer want them. This feeling of insecurity is absent in a joint family where the unemployed, aged, the sick and the handicapped are well looked after. There is a sense of social security, and old age and sickness are not looked upon with dread or fear.
In a nuclear family, a working mother is like a superwoman, who tries her best to maintain a balance between work and household chores. At the same time she tries to be a good mother and a good wife. This eventually leads to exhaustion and frustration. In a joint family, however, there is ample scope for division of labour. A woman can go for work without any worries. There is always somebody present at home who is willing to look after the children or do the cooking. Everybody can find some occupation or the other in a joint family. Living together in such a large family also entails economies of scale to the members. All the available resources can be utilized to the maximum which is not possible in nuclear families.
In the present modern social structure, the joint family has lost its usefulness. The coparcenaries property of the joint family is meant for the use of the family only and its capital is seldom used for commercial and industrial enterprises. This has proved a big hindrance to individual initiative and enterprise.
We have seen the joint family as an ideal family system with a number of advantages. In reality however, when many people of different mentalities and dispositions live under one common roof, jealousies, quarrels, misunderstandings, favoritism and resentment are bound to arise. This is because most people of average mentality are selfish. They have a tendency to emphasize their rights and ignore their duties. When this kind of attitude prevails amongst members of a joint family, the climate becomes unfavorable for peace and harmony.
It has lost its efficiency and self-sufficiency. Most of the articles required for the civilized rural family do not come from the field, nor are they manufactured at home. Everything has to be bought from the market. The purchasing power of the joint family has diminished.
Under modern living conditions, a sense of individualism has grown among the members of the joint family. Obedience and respect to the elder’s m the family is often disregarded. The ancient joint family was based on Mitakhsara law, which was particularly harsh on women. According to this law, women could not inherit property. They could claim only maintenance. The unmarried and widowed sisters were generally at the mercy of their elder brother. Their happiness depended also on the goodwill of their sister-in-law.
The transmission of skill in the family profession from generation to generation was regarded as one of the advantages of joint family system. But today technical skill is acquired in all professional fields by training in technical institutions. The scope for artisans in the professional joint families to work and live in industrial cities has not only depopulated the village, but also has tarnished the prestige and dignity of such joint families.
The members of the joint family living in cities are hastening the partition of the joint family property and ringing its death knell.
With many changes in the political, social and economic spheres, the Hindu joint family seems to be outmoded for modern times; joint property goes hand in hand with the joint family. When the joint family property is divided, naturally the joint family disintegrates.
The modern means of communication and the new trend of urbanizing rural areas have brought new ideas and a new society has grown-up which has close touch with the cities which offer all the comforts and joys of sophisticated life. This has brought about the disintegration of the joint family.
The feeling of social security present in a joint family often makes many of its members lazy and idle. Hard work is seldom rewarded and idleness seldom punished. Hence, members lose their initiative to work and fall prey to vices like irresponsibility, indolence, laziness and hypocrisy.
There is also a lack of dynamism in a joint family system. There is a resistance to new customs and progressive ideas of youngsters by the older generation. Ancient customs and traditions are forced upon the youth in a dictatorial manner. Lack of privacy and individual freedom are also major drawbacks in a joint family. Success in a joint family, ultimately depends upon the degree of adaptability shown by its members.