Presentation on theme: "The Process Essay."— Presentation transcript:
1 The Process Essay
2 What is a process?A process essay explains how to do something or how something occurs.An obvious example of process writing is a recipe.
3 Characteristics of Process Writing
Strict chronological orderIf the steps described are repeated, the same outcome should always be achieved.Fixed orderClarity extremely importantTransitions essential
4 Two Types of Process Writing
Instructions:Enables readers to perform a processA recipe, a handout, an operating manual are examples of instruction writing.Use imperative mood.Subject of sentences is “you” understood; speak directly to reader.
5 2. Process ExplanationPurpose is to help reader understand how a process is carried out.Use either 1st person or 3rd person; not second person or imperative mood.May be in present or past tense, depending on whether the writer is explaining a process that takes place regularly or one that occurred in the past, and on whether the writer or someone else carried out the process.
6 First Person Third Person Present Tense Past Tense
“After I place the chemicals in the tray, I turn out the lights in the darkroom.”(habitual process performed by the writer)“After photographers place the chemicals in the tray, they turn out the lights in the darkroom.”(habitual process performed by someone other than the writer)Past Tense“After I placed the chemicals in the tray, I turned out the lights in the darkroom.”(process performed in the past by the writer)“After the photographer placed the chemicals in the tray, she turned out the lights in the darkroom.”(process performed in the past by someone other than the writer)
7 Using Process WritingCollege writing for science, literature, history, or any other subject.Use process writing to persuade or to inform.A process essay should have a clear thesis statement that identifies the process and tells why it is performed.
8 Planning a process essay
Keep reader’s needs in mind.Explain reasons for performing stepsDescribe unfamiliar materials or equipmentDefine termsWarn readers of possible problems they may encounter.Avoid ambiguity or surprisesAvoid unnecessary shifts in tense, person, voice and mood.
9 Using transitions Check list of transitions on page 43 of our textbook
Specifically useful are such transitions as first, second, meanwhile, after this, next, then, at the same time, when you have finished, and finally.Use transitions to establish sequential and chronological relationships between steps in process.
10 Structure of Process Essay
Introduction: identifies the process and indicates why and under what circumstances it is performed.Includes thesisIntroduces whatever materials or preliminary steps may be needed.
11 Structure of Process Essay, cont.
Body of essayone major stage of the process in each body paragraph.Each stage may involve several steps
12 Structure of Process Essay, cont.
Formal ConclusionMay not be necessary in very short, simple process essay.Briefly reviews the procedure’s major stagesReinforces the thesis by summarizing the results of the process, or explaining its significance.
13 Revising Checklist for a Process Essay
Does your assignment call for a set of instructions or a process explanation?Does your writing style clearly and consistently indicate whether you are writing a set of instructions or process explanation?Does your essay have a clearly stated thesis that identifies the process and perhaps tells why it is (or was) performed?Have you included all necessary reminders and cautions?Have you included all necessary steps?Are the steps presented in strict chronological order?Do transitions clearly indicate where one step ends and the next begins?
14 In Class Process Writing Exercise
Look at the photograph to the right. How is this jack-o’-lantern different from the pumpkin from which it was carved?List the steps involved in the process of carving a pumpkin into a jack-o’-lantern. Where dies the process begin? Where does it end?What cautions and reminders might be helpful to someone who has never made a jack-o’-lantern?
15 Journal EntryWrite a set of instructions for someone who has never made a jack-o’-lantern. Using commands and present tense, explain each step in the order in which it occurs, including all necessary cautions and reminders.
Presentation on theme: "The Process Essay Process"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Process Essay Process
A PowerPoint presentation byEnzo Silvestri MA BEd BA
2 The Process Essay What to consider when writing a process essay
A process paper either tells the reader how to do something.It describes how something is done.As you write your process essay, consider the following:
3 The Process Essay 1 What process are you trying to explain?
Why is it important?Who or what does the process affect?Are there different ways of doing the process?What are they?
4 The Process Essay 2 Who are the readers?
What knowledge do they need to understand this process?What skills/equipment are needed for this?How long does the process take?Is the outcome always the same?
5 The Process Essay 3 How many steps are there in the process?
Why is each step important?What difficulties are involved in each step?How can they be overcome?Do any cautions need to be given?
6 The Process Essay 4Does the process have definitions that need to be clarified?Are there other processes that are similar and could help illustrate the process that you are writing about?If needed, tell what should not be done or why something should be done.Process papers are often written in the second person (you), but some teacher prefer that you avoid this.Check with your teacher.
7 The Process Essay 5Your responses to these questions and statements should enable you to write an effective process essay.As you are planning your essay you can consider these questions.Remember an essay well planned is an essay well written.Once you have brainstormed these considerations your mind will be very much cleared up and free to work on polishing.
8 Suggested transitions
These words help lead readers through your essay.Process essays are generally organized according to time: that is, they begin with the first step in the process and proceed in time until the last step in the process.It's natural, then, that transition words indicate that one step has been completed and a new one will begin.Some common transitional words used in process essays are listed below:
9 Suggested transitions
After a few hoursAfterwardsAt lastAt the same timeBefore, Before thisCurrently, DuringEventually, FinallyFirst, Second, Third, etc.First of allFormerlyImmediately beforeImmediately followingInitially, In the endIn the futureIn the meantimeIn the meanwhileLast, Lastly, LaterMeanwhileNext, Soon afterPreviouslySimultaneouslySubsequently, Then,
10 A Sample Process Essay 1How to Make Kool-Aid It has been said that Kool-Aid makes the world go 'round. Let it be advised, however, that without the proper tools and directions, the great American beverage is nothing more than an envelope of unsweetened powder. There are five simple steps to create this candy-tasting concoction.
11 A Sample Process Essay 2Picking the proper packet of flavoring is the first step in making Kool-Aid. Check the grocer's shelf for a wide variety, ranging from Mountain Berry Punch to Tropical Blue Hawaiian. If it is a difficult decision for you, knock yourself out and buy two. The packets usually run under 65 cents.
12 A Sample Process Essay 3After choosing the flavor that best suits your taste buds, the second step is making sure that your kitchen houses some necessary equipment for making the Kool-Aid. Find a two-quart pitcher. Plastic is nice, but glass pitchers allow the liquid to shine through and add festive coloration to any refrigerator shelf.
13 A Sample Process Essay 4Next, find a long-handled wooden spoon, a one-cup measuring cup, a water faucet that spouts drinkable water. Use white sugar, and an ice cube tray full of ice. Then, you are ready to mix.Third, grab the left edge of the Kool-Aid packet between your thumb and index finger. With your other hand, begin peeling the upper-left corner until the entire top of the envelope is removed.
14 A Sample Process Essay 5Next, dump the contents of the envelope into the pitcher. Notice how the powder floats before settling on the bottom of the pitcher. Then, take the measuring cup and scoop two cups of sugar into the pitcher as well. At this point, adding the water is a crucial step. Place the pitcher under the water faucet and slowly turn on the cold water. If the water is turned on too quickly, powder will fly all over when the initial gusts of water hit.
15 A Sample Process Essay 6After the pitcher is filled within two inches of the top, turn the water off and get prepared to stir. With the wooden spoon submersed three-quarters of the way in the liquid, vigorously stir in a clockwise motion until all of the powder is dissolved. Taste it. If the Kool-Aid is not sweet enough, feel free to add more sugar.
16 A Sample Process Essay 7Fourth, when you are finished seasoning the Kool-Aid to your liking, rinse off the spoon and the measuring cup. Take a glass from the cupboard. An eight-ounce glass is usually sufficient. Stronger thirsts might prefer a 32-ounce mug. Add ice and then fill the glass with Kool-Aid. Find a comfortable chair, put your feet up, and drink away. After all, Kool-Aid makes the world go 'round.
17 The Process Essay Remember:
Process documents are all around in our daily lives.The numbered slides above are just there to help you navigate through the PowerPoint presentation.The steps in the process are the transitions used in the essay.